Colours appear to us in numerous forms, appearances. Man is able to perceive with free eye at least 2000 different shades, the complete picture and synergy of room are created by combination of different colours. The fact is that we get around 87 % of all sensual impressions via a coloured world. Man uses colours and expresses himself through them.
Colours are basically divided into:
- Primary colours – red, yellow, blue
- Secondary colours – colours, composed of two primary (e.g. orange)
- Warm colours – red, orange, yellow, brown
- Cold colours – blue, green, purple
- Neutral colours – white, brown, beige
- Strong colours – intensive colours, not diluted with black, white or complementary colour
- Pale colours – less intensive colours due to mixing with white, black or complementary colour
Psychology of colours and colours in a space
Colours are very important in our lives as they directly influence our well-being and mood. Each of us has his own range of popular colours and colours that do not respond to him. Consequently, the colourful world around us affects our health. Perception of colours depends on several factors: shade, type of light (daylight or artificial, intense or dim…) our general welfare, biological rhythm etc.
Influence of basic colours to our feelings:
Red is optimistic, vital colour of activity, heat, movement, struggle, of passionate life. It is the most human expressive, extroverted colour associated with fullness of life, courage, sacrifice, love, strong emotions and acts of passion. Red leaves nobody cold. You can love or hate, but it is hard to stay indifferent at red. Red increases muscle tone, promotes the pulse, raises blood pressure, promotes blood circulation, excretion of adrenaline and hepatic function. Deepens breathing, can cause headaches, but it is not suitable for fast and emotionally unstable persons.
Orange is a bright, shiny, warm colour of fire and sun. It is associated with sunrise or sunset, delicious fruits such as apricots, mandarins, oranges… To Indians it symbolizes courage and sacrifice. No more so aggressive and passionate as red, but as an emotional stimulant happy, nice colour, which helps to overcome fatigue. Due to the foregoing points it constitutes a useful additional aid in treatment of depressions. Orange reflects warmth, generosity, it is light and playful. It also promotes appetite and helps in the morning to stand up. Orange colour strengthens the lungs, pancreas and spleen and stimulates the activity of the heart. Digestion, increases appetite, it can either calm or excite.This colour can stabilizes emotions, some individuals get depressed. All shades of orange have the same meaning and effect depending only on the dominant component (yellow or red).
Yellow is the colour of sun, light and optimism, which stimulates, activates and frees from fear. It retains the alertness and promotes concentration, symbolizes the creativity and wisdom. Promotes motor skills, her strong feature is communicative (reason why mail boxes are yellow). On the walls and elsewhere in the house it has a positive effect on welfare.
Yellow has the greatest impact on the respiratory organs, helps in treatment of psychonevroses,increases blood pressure, accelerates pulse and breathing rate, has positive effect on nervous system. The most common shades of yellow are: cloudy yellow (calming, thinking), live yellow (agility, boldness, relaxation), olive yellow (gloomy mood) and citron yellow (alertness, vivacity, liveliness, perfection).
They say the colour of health. With green colours they try to cure hysteria and nervous fatigue as it has calming influence on nervous system and is effective for depression, migraines can be mitigated. Light green expands capillaries, reduces pressure, induces internal secretion juices. On the other hand the colour of peace, calmness, rest, reflection and study. Its symbolism affects human emotions, soothes and relaxes. It is a sign of balance.
It is best for soothing bathrooms and bedrooms, it may also take the form of vegetation. It has adverse effects to red: lowers blood pressure, calms nervous system, migraines, establishes a personal balance, eliminating fatigue and insomnia and expands capillaries.
Blue is a basic colour. Its opposite is yellow, a mixture of both is green, which combines features of both: in nature it is widespread in the azure sky, which is reflected in the water. The symbolism of blue: wisdom, intelligence, immortality, infinity, depth, nobility, spirituality, mysticism. Its psychological associations: clear, fresh, light (colour atmospheres), transparent, airy, distant, quiet………… Psychological effects of blue: slowing heart rate, reducing respiratory rhythm, soothing, encouraging mental activity, introspection, concentration, focus inwards – they say it is the colour of peace and rest.
Violet colour is a mixture of blue and red, more of one or the other you add a more characteristic colour shade you get and thus also an appropriate share of both – blue peace, remoteness, spirituality …. And red colours of movement, passion, vitality, heat, energy… Because it combines features of such extremely different primary colours (hot, cold… ) it works somehow mysterious.
White is the colour of clarity and is a mixture of all three waves of natural colours: yellow, red and blue. As a result, to white we respond positively. It symbolizes clarity, innocence and purity, as well as a new beginning, rebirth. In conjunction with light blue shades it works very cold. It is also a symbol of divinity, perfection, pride, kindness and the eternal.
White house is light, it looks spacious, but much white looks lean, sterile and almost like in a hospital, it is recommended that white walls are adorned with paintings, posters or framed pictures. At the selection of colours in your room we try to combine colours, which reflect best our character, as in this way we shall create environment, in which we shall feel comfortably and homely.
Colours and Jin and Jang principle
Both contrary life principles have an important role, as they bind everything in the space.
Jin is feminine, introverted, passive principle, which is night, darkness and silence. Corresponding are round, wavy shapes, pastel colours, soothing colours (blue,green,violet), soft materials (wood,cloth) and are dominated by a dim light. People of jin type are peaceful,balanced and introverted.
Jang is man, extraverted, active and represents the sun, day, light and movement. Corresponding are straight lines and square shapes, strong or light-emitting colours (red, yellow, orange) cold and smooth materials (stone, glass, metal) and bright light prevails. People of jang type are dynamic,ambitious and extroverted.
They are conditional: jing is not without jang and vice versa. It is important that both are constantly in a balanced relationship. If you are of jig type keep it that jang does not precedence in your life, as you can change for the irritability and impatience. Care that in the environment,where you move you have jin materials and shapes. If you are jin type care that jin will not prevail as this can cause depression for you. Settle matters that jang will prevail.
Jin and Jang in the space
The general rule is that the places, which are more jang, that is the places with more »action« (kitchen, children room and living room), may stand more intensive colours (e.g. yellow, red and orange – colours of action). But beware: these colours should not dominate. Calm them down with calm colour shades.
The rooms which are more jin, places of relaxation, calming, resting (bedroom, bathroom) should be painted in peaceful, unassuming, soothing colours. Very nice is a soothing green colour. Suitable for bedrooms and bathrooms. However, in the bedroom there should be only unobtrusive, soothing green. Also blue may get into jin premises. This is the symbol of peace, facing inside and very conductive to sleep.
Let’s go for a walk around the house:
Corridor or lobby: In this room there is a chronic lack of light. Therefore here bright colours are welcome, such as yellow, yellow white, beige or white.
Living room: stands without problems also intensive shades of red and orange. Yet we have to take care that these strong colours do not prevail, as otherwise the atmosphere of the room is irritating. We calm down vivid colours with calmer, pastel colour shades.
Kitchen is the room of action. Yet take care: in this room fire prevails (with a stove in it), which does not stand any additional strong red colour shades (e.g.tiles). We shall calm down strong energy of fire, without destroying it, with yellow shade. This colour is optimistic, directed to creative and intellectual work. Therefore we can let it without problems into our dining room.
Bathroom is a room, where peace and relaxation prevail. Soothing green and relaxing blue colours are very welcome. Pastel blue, green, yellow tiles maybe, soap and towels of more intensive colours and a paradise of peace in the home is here.
Bedroom is a place where we rest. Therefore there is a reign of a delicate green or blue. For a touch of fire, you can add some strong red accessories.
Photo courtesy of Vectorportal